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Prepositions

Preposition

Preposition is a word governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause, as in ‘the man on the platform’, ‘she arrived after dinner’, ‘what you did it for?’These prepositions can be divided into the following categories:


Simple Preposition
Compound Preposition
Phrase Preposition
Participle Preposition
Double Preposition
Other Preposition


Simple Preposition
Simple prepositions are used in the simple sentences. Some of the simple prepositions are in, on, at, to, from, with, by, about, over, under, off, of, for, etc.
Example:
  • I am not going with
  • She is waiting in the park.
  • Dad is going to the market.

Compound Preposition
Compound prepositions are used to join two nouns, pronouns or phrases. Some of the compound prepositions are about, across, among, beside, before, above, along, inside, between, around, behind, below, beneath, etc.
Example:
  • My city is located between two mountains.
  • I will finish the lunch before 2.00 P.M.
  • I want to know about that boy.

Phrase Preposition
Prepositional phrases are groups of words having prepositions indicating relationships among various elements in the sentence. Some of the phrase prepositions are according to, an account of, in spite of, in front of, for the sake of, in order to, by means of, with reference to, in addition to, due to, etc.
Example:
  • I returned home due to condolence in the college.
  • According to me, there were three mango trees in the garden.
  • I work hard in order to maintain my position in the class.






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Tenses

TENSES
1
The verb in a sentence expresses an action, event, or state. It also expresses the time to which these actions belong. That is to say, it tells us whether an action or event took place sometimes ago, Or whether it takes /is taking place now; Or, again, whether it will take place in the time to come. The words, which show these actions or events are called the  Tense forms of the verbs. Look at the action in the following sentences: Ram writes a letter Ram wrote a letter Ram will write a letter
In sentence no. 1, the verb writes refers to present time, so it will be called verb in Present Tense. In sentence, no.2 the verb wrote refers to the past time, so it will be called verb in Past Tense. In sentence no.3 the verb will write refers to the time yet to come, so it will be called verb in Future Tense. Thus the verbs or action words according to their time Can be broadly divided into three tenses Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense

2

Further, these tenses can be sub-divided into four categories, …

Articles- Uses of Definite article THE

Definite Article

THE When used in a General Sense a Common Noun does not have an Article before it Example Man is not immortal.
When a person, thing, or place is talked of, Indefinite Article is used. However, when the same repeated, Definite Article is used. Example We saw a ten-rupee note lying on the road. The note we saw lying on the road was new. A girl noted a stranger sitting in a car. The girl noted the stranger sitting in the red car.
However, a Common Noun in Plural does not have a definite article before it. Example Birds live in nest. Children have a sweet tooth.

We must use Definite Article THE Before… 1. Superlative Degree of an Adjective The best, the easiest, the least
2. Adjectives used as common nouns The rich should not hate the poor.
3. The names of rivers, seas, oceans, bays, gulfs etc. The Nile, The Sea of Japan, The Pacific Ocean, The Chilka Lake, The Bay of Bengal. The Gulf of Mannar
4. The names of the Historical Buildings The Victoria Palace, The Qutab.
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Order of First, Second and Third Person Pronouns

Order of First, Second and Third Person PronounsAll of us know about Personal PronounsFirst PersonI , MY , ME Second PersonYOU , YOUR , YOU  Third PersonHE , HIS , HIM SHE , HER , HER THEY , THEIR , THEM  But did you know how to put them in order
if all the three kinds of Pronouns fall in a sentence ?
Well here is the rule
(many might not know)  1.
If the sentence presents an action of positive nature
the order used is 
Second Person, Third Person and then First PersonExample You, he and I have ultimately succeeded in our research.
2. If the action given in the sentence is of negative nature  then the order becomesFirst Person, Second Person and then Third Person Example I, you and he all are culprit of deceiving the innocent man.