Thursday, 27 July 2017

More Prepositions...

More Prepositions...

Participle Preposition
A participle preposition is a participle (like an, ed, or ing verb) which acts as a preposition such as assuming, considering, barring, given, concerning, notwithstanding, pending, during, regarding, respected, provided, etc.
Example:
  • I get sick during summer season.
  • I would like to speech regarding healthy food.
  • My project work is still pending.
  • I think I can pass the exam easily considering my hard work.

Double Preposition
Double prepositions are words having two prepositions (joined together to make a whole new one) such as into, onto, outside of, out of, within, from behind, because of, etc.
Example:
  • We need to solve three questions out of five given
  • We won the game just because of Ramesh.
  • I need to complete my project within four days.

Other Types of Prepositions
Following are other types of prepositions:

Preposition of Place
Prepositions of place are used to show the place where something is located such as at, in, on, while, during, near, over, under, between, behind, etc.
Example:
  • Dog is on the floor.
  • My home is near to the office.
  • My home is behind the metro station.
  • Mom is in the room.

Preposition of Time:
Prepositions of time are used to indicate time of an action or time relationship between nouns in the sentence. Such as at, to, in, etc.
Example:
I go to school daily at nine o’clock.
My result gets declared in March.

Preposition of Direction
Prepositions of direction are used to indicate direction of someone or something in the sentence such as over, under, to, on, into, in, onto, right, left, etc.
Example:
·        It's time to go to
·        The train is going into the tunnel.

·         We are going over the bridge.

Wednesday, 26 July 2017

Prepositions

Preposition

Preposition is a word governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause, as in ‘the man on the platform’, ‘she arrived after dinner’, ‘what you did it for?’These prepositions can be divided into the following categories:


Simple Preposition
Compound Preposition
Phrase Preposition
Participle Preposition
Double Preposition
Other Preposition


Simple Preposition
Simple prepositions are used in the simple sentences. Some of the simple prepositions are in, on, at, to, from, with, by, about, over, under, off, of, for, etc.
Example:
  • I am not going with
  • She is waiting in the park.
  • Dad is going to the market.

Compound Preposition
Compound prepositions are used to join two nouns, pronouns or phrases. Some of the compound prepositions are about, across, among, beside, before, above, along, inside, between, around, behind, below, beneath, etc.
Example:
  • My city is located between two mountains.
  • I will finish the lunch before 2.00 P.M.
  • I want to know about that boy.

Phrase Preposition
Prepositional phrases are groups of words having prepositions indicating relationships among various elements in the sentence. Some of the phrase prepositions are according to, an account of, in spite of, in front of, for the sake of, in order to, by means of, with reference to, in addition to, due to, etc.
Example:
  • I returned home due to condolence in the college.
  • According to me, there were three mango trees in the garden.
  • I work hard in order to maintain my position in the class.






                                                                                                                        Continues.…………..

Tuesday, 25 July 2017

More Adverbs

More Adverbs

6) Adverb of Affirmation and Negation
Adverb of affirmation and negation is an adverb which confirms or denies the action of verb in the sentence. It is also used to reinforce the action of verb. Adverbs of affirmation are -definitely, surely, absolutely, etc however adverbs of denial or negation are like no, can’t, don’t, never, etc.
Example:
I will certainly go to the school. (Adverb of affirmation)
I never leave you alone. (Adverb of negation)

7) Adverb of Comment
Using adverbs of comment, we can make a comment on entire sentence. This adverb can change and describe the verb as well as influence the whole sentence. Adverbs of comment are like fortunately, unfortunately, patiently, honestly, obviously, constantly, etc.
Example:
Unfortunately, he got discharged from his post.
Luckily, I got admission in the top college.
Obviously, it is wrong way to do.
We happily celebrated the birthday of our class teacher.

8) Adverb of Conjunction
Adverb of conjunction helps us in connecting the ideas or clauses. It shows effect, sequence, contrast, cause or other relationships between two clauses in the sentence. We need to use a semicolon (;) to conjugate two clauses. Adverbs of conjunction are like anyway, accordingly, consequently, again, contrarily, almost, as a result, besides, certainly, additionally, comparatively, consequently, comparatively, conversely, etc
Example:
Clause 1: He was going to attend an important meeting.
Clause 2: He made sure to attend meeting on time.
Use of Adverb of conjunction in the above two clauses:
He was going to attend an important meeting; accordingly, made sure to attend meeting on time. 
9) Adverb of reason
Adverb of reason is used to express the reason for, answer the question or purpose of an action in the sentence. Adverbs of reason are like therefore, hence, thus, consequently, so, since, etc.
Example:
I was not working hard, therefore, I failed.
Consequently he denied coming to the party. 
10) Adverb of Number
Adverb of number is used to show number of action of the verb in a sentence. Adverbs of number are like firstly, secondly, once, yearly, never, twice, lastly, etc.
Example:
I eat food twice a day. (In this sentence, 'twice' is an adverb of number)
He saw me once. (In this sentence, 'once' is an adverb of number; however it can also be an adverb of time depends on how it is used in the sentence).


Let us check what we have learnt

Pick out the adverbs in the following sentences and identify their type.


a. This is a very sweet mango.
b. The milkman came again.
c. The puppy followed Manju everywhere.
d. Our soldiers fought bravely.
e. You may be partly right but does it solve our problem.
f. Rome wasn't built in a day.
g. Where is Raju?
h. Go back.

Check yourself here

a. Very-adverb of degree;
b. again – adverb of frequency.
c. everywhere – adverb of place
d. bravely – adverb of manner
e. partly – adverb of degree;
f. in a day – adverb of time;
g. where – adverb of place;

h. back – adverb of place

Monday, 24 July 2017

Adverbs...

The Adverb    
     
Adverb can be defined as “A word or phrase that modifies the meaning of verb, an adjective, noun, determiner, or other adverb, expressing manner, place, time, or degree. Some adverbs, for example 'sentence adverbs', can also be used to modify whole sentences”.
Example:
I placed the flower pot carefully on the table.
My friend walks gracefully.
I run fast.
‘There are several kinds of Adverbs. First five of them are  being given and
discussed here  today .’
1) Adverb of Time
Adverb of time is an adverb which tells us about time of happenings or time of something is done in the sentence. Adverbs of time are used in the beginning (as a form of emphasis) or end of the sentence. Adverbs of time are like already, afterwards, immediately, always, last month, soon, then, now, and yesterday.
Example:
He admitted to hospital and died yesterday.
My factory caught fire and burned down in the last month.
I have completed my homework already.

2) Adverb of Place
Adverb of place is an adverb which tells us about the place where something is done or happens in the sentence. It is used generally after the verb, object or end of the sentence. Adverbs of place are like below, here, above, inside, outside, there, over there, under, upstairs, etc.
Example:
We need to stop here for dinner.
He was eating under the table.
A bird flies above in the sky.

3) Adverb of Manner
Adverb of manner is an adverb which tells us about manner of how something is done or happens in the sentence. Such type of adverbs are generally end with 'ly' such as cheerfully, badly, quickly, happily, angrily, sadly, slowly. However, some are simple like fast, well, hard, etc.
Example:
I went to school cheerfully.
He runs fast.
We celebrated teacher's day happily.

4) Adverb of Degree or Quantity
Adverb of degree or quantity is an adverb which tells us about the level or extent of something is done or happens in the sentence. It is used before the adjective or adverb. Adverbs of degree or quantity are like almost, nearly, quite, much, really, too, very, so, etc.
Example:
It was too hard task for us to complete. (Adverb is used before adjective)
I am feeling really sad for my friend's father death.

5) Adverb of Frequency
Adverb of frequency is an adverb which tells us how often something is done or happens in the sentence. Adverbs of frequency are like almost, again, frequently, generally, ever, hardly ever, nearly, nearly always, always, occasionally, often, rarely, never, seldom, twice, usually, sometimes, and weekly.
Example:
My parents were almost thirty when I born.
He studies hardly during holidays.
She thinks she is always right however it is not so.
He told that he will never talk to me.
I talk to my neighbors very occasionally.


Sunday, 23 July 2017

Uses of Used to

Uses of Used to


'Used to' as a Modal is used
1.For a state of things in the Past
Example
There used to be a big tree many years ago.
2.For Habit or Repeated action of Past
Example
I used to play cricket when I was young.


Let’s see what we have learnt

1.         __________ he live long!                                2.         One __________ work or starve.
3.         A rat __________ not eat a cat.                       4.         Every body ______ love his country.
5.         We __________ obey our elders.        6.         This cloth __________ washing.
7.         I am sure she __________ pass.                      8.         He __________ oppose his wife.
9.         It __________ rain tomorrow.             10.       She __________ sit in the last row.
11.       Be careful lest you __________ fail.  12.       You __________ worry about this.
13.       You _________ to have good manners.          14.       We __________ obey our parents.
15.       I thought he __________ be at home. 16.       Last year she __________ wear the
                                                                                    same coat for one month.
17.       She said that she ____ carry my books.           18.       He __________ not speak so rudely.
19.       We ______ make all kinds of mistakes.          20.       You _______ have finished it by now.


Check yourself here  

1. May, 2. must, 3. can, 4. should, 5. ought to/should, 6. neednot, 7. will,
8. darenot, 9. may, 10. used to, 11. should, 12. need not, 13. ought, 14. ought to, 15. might,
16. would, 17. would, 18. should, 19. can, 20. must.


Uses of Must/Ought to

Must/Ought to

Must is used
1. To Show order or compulsion
Example
A servant must obey his master.
You are getting late, you must hurry up.
She must weep or she will collapse.
One must work hard or fail.
2. To show certain belief
Example
All must perish one day.
Death must come one day.
3. Necessity
Example
You must buy a new cycle.
4. Obligation
Example
We must do our duty.
5. Strong determination
Example
We must fight for our rights.
6. Prohibition - must not
Example
You must not open the letter without my permission.

Ought to is used
1.To show sense of moral duty from within
Example
We ought to help the needy.
You ought to respect your seniors.
2. Strong probability
Example
India ought to win the match.



Let us see what we have learnt

1.         She _________ do it at every cost.
2.         You _________ work hard or face consequences.
3.         Every one _________ get old.
4.         You _________ practise what you preach.
5.         The boys _________ work hard to succeed.
6.         The match _________ start on time.
7.         They _________ finish this assignment before they leave.
8.         You _________ to guide the old man there.


Check yourself here
1. Must, 2. Must, 3. Must, 4. Ought to, 5. must, 6. Must, 7. Must, 8. Ought to.