Friday, 30 June 2017

Passive of Sentences having Double objects

Passive of Sentences having Double objects

Such sentences can be changed into Passive in two ways
1-Beginning with the first Object
Example
He gave me an umbrella.>I was given an umbrella by him.
2-Beginning with Second Object
Example
He gave me an umbrella.>An umbrella was given to me by him.

Let us see what we have learnt

1.He teaches us English.
2.I paid him his salary.
3.My mother gave this watch to me.
4.I gave him a book.
5.He gives alms to the poor.



Check yourself here

1.We are taught English by him
OR
English is taught to us by him.

2.He was paid his salary by me.
OR
His salary was paid to him by me.

3.I was given this watch by my mother.
OR
This watch was given to me by my mother.

4.He was given a book by me.
OR
A book was given to him by me.

5.Alms are given to the poor by him.
OR
The poor are give alms by him.


Thursday, 29 June 2017

Semi Passive Voice

Semi Passive Voice

Some verbs are in Passive form but they do not lose their Active form also.
They are termed as semi Passive Verbs.

Active Voice :-Subject+Verb+Adjective
Changes into
Passive Voice :-Object +Auxilary + Adjective + When + Past Participle

Example
This banana tastes ripe.>This banana is ripe when tasted.
This house needs white washing.>This house needs to be white washed.



Let us see what we have learnt

1.         These grapes taste sour.                                              
2.         This dish does not taste good.
3.         These Champaks smell fine.                           
4.         This milk tastes sweet.
5.         These mangoes smell lovely.                          
6.         The book is printing



Check yourself here

1.         These grapes are sour when tasted.                 
2.         This dish is not good when tasted.
3.         These Champaks are fine when smelt.            
4.         This milk is sweet when tasted.
5.         These mangoes are lovely when smelt.                       
6.         The book is being printed.


Passive Voice where ‘by’ is not used

Passive Voice where ‘by’ is not used


Subject  + Phrasal Verb + obj.
Object + Auxiliary + Past Participle + Preposition + subject.
Examples
He pleased me. >I am pleased with him.
This boy knows me.>I am known to this boy.
His behaviour offended me.>I was offended with his behaviour.
His success surprised everybody.>Everybody was surprised at his success.




Change into Passive Voice

1.      She knows us.                                          2.         This jug contains milk.
3.      Her speech vexed us.                               4.         His success pleased his parents.
5.      Your strange style surprises me.    6.         You could not please your uncle.
7.      Does this box contain books?                    8.         Do you know Rakesh?
9.      What do these cupboards contain? 10.        Sachin's score pleased the world.



Answers :
1.      We are known to her.                               2.         Milk is contained in this jug.
3.      We were vexed at her speech.                  4.         His parents were pleased with his success.
5.      I am surprised at your strange style.          6.         Your uncle could not be pleased with you.
7.      Are books contained in this box. ? 8.         Is Rakesh known to you ?

9.      What is contained in these                         10.        The world was pleased with Sachin's                              cupboards ?                                                   score.

Saturday, 24 June 2017

Passive of Sentences with Infinitives & Prepositions

Passive of Sentences with Infinitives
(To+First Form of the Verb)

Active Voice :-            Subject +Auxiliary+ to infinitive + obj.
Passive Voice :-   Object +Auxiliary + to + be + Past Participle + by subject

Examples
She is to do it.>It is to be done by her.
It is time to help her.>It is time for her to be helped.
It is time to say her prayer.>It is time for her prayer to be said.
She has to revise this poem.>This poem has to be revised by her.
You will have to sing a song.>A song will have to be sung by you.    



Let us see what we have learnt
1.      It is time to pay tax.                                           
2.      It is time to ring the bell.
3.      It is time to take medicine.                                 
4.      It is necessary to see a doctor.
5.      I expect him to do it.                                          
6.      It is time to send for the doctor.
7.      It is necessary to knock at the door.                   
8.      It is time to dig a canal.
9.      It is time to sum up the meeting.                        
10.    It is necessary to consult an expert.


Check yourself here
1.      It is time for tax to be paid.                                
2.      It is time for the bell to be rung.
3.      It is time for medicine to be taken.                    
4.      It is necessary for a doctor to be seen.
5.      He is expected by me to do it.                           
6.      It is time for the doctor to be sent for
7.      It is necessary for the door to be knocked at.                
8.      It is time for a canal to be dug.  
9.      It is time for the meeting to be summed up.                                          
10.    It is necessary for an expert to be consulted.



Use of Prepositions in Passive Voice


Keep Preposition with the Principal Verb in Passive Voice.

Example
She talks to me daily.> am talked to by her daily.
We acted upon his advice.>His advice was acted upon by us.
She is not laughing at her.>She is not being laughed at by her.
He agreed to my suggestion.>My suggestion was agreed to by her.
Sohan listened to what the teacher said.>What the teacher said was listened to by Sohan.
The police charged him with the murder.>He was charged with the murder by the police.



Let us see what we have learnt
1.      She turned off the tap.                           
2.      We did not listen to him.
3.      I saw through his intentions.                  
4.      The government supplied the needy with wheat.
5.      I called in the guests.                             
6.      The teacher spoke to me politely.
7.      He laughed at her.                                  
8.      I called on him.



Check yourself here
1.      The tap was turned off by her.  
2.      He was not listened to by us.
3.      His intentions were seen through by me.           
4.      The needy were supplied with wheat by the government.
5.      The guests were called in by me.           
6.      I was spoken to politely by the teacher.
7.      She was laughed at by him.                   

8.      He was called on by me.

Mistake

One who won't commit his mistakes, won't improve.

Friday, 23 June 2017

Passive of Sentences with Infinitives



Passive of Sentences with Infinitives
(To+First Form of the Verb)

Active Voice :-            Subject +Auxiliary+ to infinitive + obj.
Passive Voice :-   Object +Auxiliary + to + be + Past Participle + by subject


Examples
She is to do it.>It is to be done by her.
It is time to help her.>It is time for her to be helped.
It is time to say her prayer.>It is time for her prayer to be said.
She has to revise this poem.>This poem has to be revised by her.
You will have to sing a song.>A song will have to be sung by you.




Let us see what we have learnt
1.      It is time to pay tax.                                           
2.      It is time to ring the bell.
3.      It is time to take medicine.                                 
4.      It is necessary to see a doctor.
5.      I expect him to do it.                                          
6.      It is time to send for the doctor.
7.      It is necessary to knock at the door.                   
8.      It is time to dig a canal.
9.      It is time to sum up the meeting.                        
10.    It is necessary to consult an expert.




Check yourself here
1.      It is time for tax to be paid.                                
2.      It is time for the bell to be rung.
3.      It is time for medicine to be taken.                    
4.      It is necessary for a doctor to be seen.
5.      He is expected by me to do it.                           
6.      It is time for the doctor to be sent for
7.      It is necessary for the door to be knocked at.                
8.      It is time for a canal to be dug.  
9.      It is time for the meeting to be summed up.                                          

10.    It is necessary for an expert to be consulted.

Use of Modals in Passive Voice



Use of Modals in Passive Voice

Active Voice :-            Subject+Modal+First Form of the Verb + obj.
Passive Voice :-   Object+Modal+be+Third Form of the Verb +by+subject.

Example
She can do it.>It can be done by her.
We must help them.>They must be helped by us
Who can oppose me?>By whom can I be opposed?
We should help the needy.>The needy should be helped by us.
You ought to revise this letter.>This letter ought to be revised by you.



Let us see what we have learnt


1.      I can ride a scooter.                               
2.      Who would cheat us?
3.      What should they do now?                    
4.      She ought not to make a mistake.
5.      We should not laugh at others.               
6.      We must love our country.
7.      She could teach you a lesson.                
8.      If I break the rules, I can win the game.
9.      Why should I help you?                        
10.    We can easily do it.

Check yourself here

1.      A scooter can be ridden by me.             
2.      By whom would we be cheated?
3.      What should be done by them now?      
4.      A mistake ought not to be made by her.
5.      Others should not be laughed at by us.  
6.      Our country must be loved by us.
7.      You could be taught a lesson by her.     
8.      If the rules are broken by me, the game can be won by me.
9.      Why should you be helped by me?       
10.    It can easily be done by us.